In this page you find:
The status menu provides a set of pages that display information in both textual and graphic views about various daemons and services running on the Endian UTM Appliance. No configuration option is available in this module, which only shows the current and recent status of the Endian UTM Appliance.
The following items appear in the sub-menu on the left-hand side of the screen, each giving detailed status information on some functionalities of the Endian UTM Appliance:
The default page that opens when clicking on Menubar ‣ Status is the System status page, which gives a quick overview of the running services, memory, disk usage, uptime and users, loaded modules, and the kernel version, each in its own box. At the top of the page, there are hyperlinks to each box. In more details, these are the information presented in each box, which are usually the output of some Linux command.
The status -marked as either Stopped or Running by a red or green square- of each service installed on the Endian UTM Appliance is shown here. A service might appear as stopped because the corresponding daemon or script is not enabled.
New in version 3.0.5-YYMM: The wireless status is now shown among the services.
The output of the Linux free command supplies the data shown here. All data are represented with the real amount in kilobytes, and with a bar to ease the visualisation of the memory used. The first line shows the total used RAM memory, for which is normal to be close to 100% for a long time running system, since the Linux kernel uses all available RAM as disk cache to speed up I/O operations. The second line shows the memory actually used by processes: Ideally this value should be below 80% to keep some memory available for disk caching. If this value approaches 100%, the system will slow down because active processes are swapped to disk. If the memory usage remains for long periods of time over 80%, RAM should be added to improve performances. The third bar indicates the swap usage. For a long running system it is normal to see moderate swap usage (the value should be below 20%), especially if not all the services are used all the time.
The output of the Linux df command shows the disk devices -phisycal disks and partitions, their mount point and the space of each disk partition. Depending on the type of the Endian UTM Appliance, the data displayed in this box differ. Usually, they are:
The data disk and the log disk may grow over time, so there should be reserved enough space for them - especially the log disk. Remember also that disks shall never be full above the 95%, since this may hinder the correct working of the system.
This box shows the output of the Linux w command, which reports the current time, information about how long the system has been running since last reboot, the number of console users that are currently logged into the system (though normally there should be none) and the system load average for the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes. Additionally, if any console user is logged into the system, some information about the user is displayed (like the remote host from which she is logged in or what is she doing). More details can be found on the w(1) manual page.
The output of the Linux lsmod command. It shows the kernel modules currently loaded into memory. This information should be useful to advanced users only.
The output of the Linux uname -r command, which shows the current kernel version.
This page contains several information about the running state of the network interfaces. Four boxes are present on the page, and, like for the System status, hyperlinks are provided at the top of the page for a quicker access. The boxes contain the following information, representing the output of different shell commands.
The first box reports the output of the ip addr show command which provides for each network interface the associated MAC address, IP address, and additional communication parameters. The active interfaces are highlighted with the colour of the zone they are serving. The interface can be an ethernet interfaces, a bridge, or a virtual device.
The running configuration and capabilities of each of the NIC are shown here. Each interface is highlighted with the colour of the zone it is serving and is labelled as [Link OK] to indicate that it is working. Interfaces that are not used are labelled with ‘[NO Link]’. The command providing the output is ip link show.
The kernel routing table, as provided by the route -n command. Typically, there should be one line per active interface, which correctly routes the traffic within the zones served by the Endian UTM Appliance, plus a default route (recognisable by the 0.0.0.0 Destination field) that allow the traffic to reach the Internet.
The last box shows the output of the arp -n command and shows the ARP table, i.e., a table containing the MAC address associated to each known IP address in the local network.
Changed in version 2.5: Disk graphs.
The graphs displayed in this page present the usage of resources during the last 24 hours: CPU, memory, swap, and disk usage, each accompanied with a legend of the data included in the graph, their associated colour, and a summary of the maximum, average, and current percentage of use. Moreover, a message informs of the time and date of the last update to the graphs, which matches the last access to the page.
When clicking on one of the graphs, a new page will open, with summaries of the usage graphs for the last day, week, month, and year. In these pages, a click on the BACK button allows to return to the previous page.
The nan (short for “Not A Number”) string that may appear in the summaries designate that there are not enough data to calculate the usage of the selected resource. It can appear for example in the “per year usage” when the Endian UTM Appliance is used for only a few weeks.
In this box is shown the CPU usage per day of the Endian UTM Appliance, measured in percentage of the CPU time used by the various processes. The output is provided by the top command. Different colors are used to denote the type of running processes:
This graph shows the memory usage during the last 24 hours. The following colours are used to denote the types of memory:
The usage of the swap area, located on the hard disk, is displayed in this box.
Graphs showing the usage of the disk are split into four boxes, each showing the usage of a partition. In each of them, the green colour shows the free space, while the red colour shows the disk space used.
Changed in version 2.5: Disk graphs has been split into four Disk usage graph boxes.
The four boxes show the free and allocated space in the four hard disk’s partitions: Main disk, configuration disk, log disk, and data disk. For each of them, those colours are used.
In older, pre-2.5 Endian UTM Appliance, the disk graph was slightly different, since the data shown was not the disk usage, but the hard disk accesses, denoted by two colours:
This page contains the traffic graphs for the last 24 hours, divided by zone. Hence, depending on the zones enabled and configured, this page will contain 2, 3, or 4 boxes, each with one graphs. Like for the System graphs, the graphs are accompanied with a legend of the data displayed:
Below the graphs, also the summary of the average, maximum, and current amount of data transmitted and received is displayed and updated in real time.
When clicking on one of the graphs, a new page will open, with summaries of the data flown through the Endian UTM Appliance for the last day, week, month, and year. The data shown are the same in all the graphs: Incoming and outgoing traffic in blue and green respectively. In
To go back to the page with all the zone’s graphs, click on the BACK hyperlink on the bottom of the page.
The access statistics of the HTTP proxy during the last 24 hours are shown here. There are no graphs in this page if the HTTP proxy service in not active and has never been enabled. However, if the service has been running even for a short period during the last year, the data produced are still accessible by clicking on the graph. Similarly to the other graphs, older statistics are shown for the last day, week, month, and year. In this page, a click on the BACK hyperlink on the bottom allows to go back to the main page.
To show the proxy graphs, HTTP proxy logging must be enabled under Proxy ‣ HTTP ‣ Configuration ‣ Log settings, by ticking the Enable logging checkbox. Also queried terms and useragents can be logged to produce more detailed logs and graphs.
After the HTTP proxy has been enabled, the four boxes show the following data:
This page shows a table containing the list of current connections from, to, or going through the Endian UTM Appliance. The data shown here are devised by the kernel conntrack table. The following colours are employed in the table and used as the background of the cells in the table to denote the source and destination of the connection.
The data displayed in the table are the following.
The page refreshes automatically every 5 seconds.
Each IP address and each IP port in the table can be clicked to obtain useful information. Clicking on the IP address will launch a whois query that will display who the owner of the IP address is and where it is located. Clicking on the port number will open the Internet Storm Center web page, with information about the port (i.e., the purpose for which it is used) and about which services or malware (e.g., Trojans, viruses) may exploit that port and the number of attacks received on those ports by various servers worldwide.
Changed in version 3.0: The box displays not only OpenVPN users, but also those connected using IPsec.
When yon the Endian UTM Appliance there are OpenVPN or IPsec servers running, this page shows the connected users, along with the service they rely on for the connection (OpenVPN, L2TP, IPsec Xauth), the time stamp since they are connected, and the possible actions that can be carried out. Currently, only to disconnect the user.
Four boxes appear on this page showing graphs about the email sent by the local SMTP server on the Endian UTM Appliance for the current day, week, month, and year.
Neither information nor graphs are displayed if the SMTP server is not enabled.
Each box contains two graphs, both of which present on the y-axis the number of e-mail per minute and on the x-axis the time, whose unit of measure changes according to the type of graph: A two hours span in the Day graphs, one day in the week graphs, one week in the Month graphs and one month in the year graphs.
The graph on the top shows a summary of the number of message per minute sent (in blue) or received (in green) by the Endian UTM Appliance. The graph at the bottom can be seen as a more fine-grained version of the other graph, since it displays the e-mails that have been rejected (in red) or bounced (in black), those that have been intercepted because they contain viruses (in yellow), and those that have been recognised as spam (in grey).
Below each graph, there are also textual information concerning each category of email (sent, received, rejected, bounced, virus, and spam) about the total number, the average, and the highest number of e-mail (“msgs”) processed, plus the timestamp (date and time) of the latest update to the page.
The SMTP graphs are not reproduced on the Mini Appliances, since they require too many resources.
When the SMTP proxy is enabled, this page shows the current e-mail queue. With no e-mails in the queue, the message Mail queue is empty is displayed, but when some e-mail is there, it is possible to flush the queue by clicking on the Flush mail queue button. With the SMTP proxy disabled, only the message recalling its disabled status is shown.